Автор: Velika Yordanova
- TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH OF MECHANIZED SITE PREPARATION FOR AFFORESTATION OF FOREST LANDS
The establishment of forest plantations on rocky and eroded soils and slopes requires adequate soil preparation. Depending on the peculiarities of the terrain, requirements of the culture for afforestation, and according to the available technical means and organization of the work, different technological schemes can be applied for soil preparation. In this paper is conducted a study over the work of bulldozer and scarifying units for soil preparation of forest land for afforestation. Time study based on video records of all the operational processes for a working day was performed. These operational processes include aligning and clearing areas for afforestation, terracing slopes and primary tillage. Basic operational and economic indicators of the studied machines in certain operating conditions were established. Operational productivity, fuel consumption and the average cost per hectare of soil preparation with bulldozer, and uprooter, and ripping aggregate were finding. The average price per one hectare cleaning operation from shrubs with simultaneous alignment of the terrain, with frontal bulldozer DZ-27 and crawler T-170, with operational productivity 0.183 ha/hour, was defined on 332.9 €/ha. The average price per one hectare primary deep soil tillage by ripper D – 513 and crawler T–170, with operational productivity 0,076 ha/hour, was defined on 839,7 €/ha. The average price per one hectare machine terraces on terrains up to 28 °, constructed by universal bulldozer DZ-38 and crawler T–170 with operational productivity 0.064 ha/hour, was defined on 966.7 €/ha. It was performed an evaluation of the researched technological schemes. The results can serve for regulation of labor and fuel costs for the studied aggregates for soil preparation for afforestation of forest land.
Ключови думи: bulldozers, rippers, operating indicators, performance
- ANALYSIS OF ENERGETIC INDICATORS OF FORESTRY MILLING MACHINES FOR SITE PREPARATION
In this paper is performed experimental study to determine energy intensity of self-propelled milling unit PT-400 equipped with multifunctional forestry tiller FAE 300/S-225 for site preparation, for poplar plantation establishment. For the purpose of the study the following processes are investigated: grinding stumps and roots, mulching shrubs and slash, and primary tilling. The study is conducted in riparian and partially flooded areas along the Danube River. As a result of the survey are established the fuel consumption and the operational productivity of the forestry unit under certain working conditions and predefined variable modes of operation of the unit. For all the operations are found the energy intensity and the relative fuel consumption per unit area. With the obtained data are built functional graphical relationships, expressing the energy intensity of the milling unit depending on the speed modes and working conditions. As a final result are determined the optimal operational modes for the tilling aggregate where energy cost for land preparation for the establishment of poplar plantations is minimal.
Ключови думи: poplar clearings, mulching, milling, energy intensity
- TECHNOLOGICAL SPEEDS FOR SOIL PREPARATION OF FOREST AREA WITH SPECIAL FORESTRY TILLER
In this paper are presented the results of an experimental study of the performance of multifunctional forestry tiller FAE 300/S, powered by a self-propelled unit PT-400, for soil preparation for poplar plantations establishment. The machine is tested in different speed regimes while mulching the shrubs, coppice and wood debris from the felling areas. The other observed operation is soil tillage up to 50 cm. The study was conducted in poplar clearings along the Danube River. The purpose is to establish the fuel consumption and the performance of the machine at different milling speed. Based on the results are constructed graphical dependencies, in order to express the relative fuel consumption and operational performance, depending on the operating speed of the machine. At the end is performed an optimization of the process of deep tillage of the soil, using the criteria for minimizing the power consumption. And based on this is defined optimal operating speeds of the examined forestry tiller.
Ключови думи: milling, optimization, energy consumption, performance